What To Do Now
November is here and with it comes the chance of early frost. The focus this month in the garden is protecting plants and wildlife from the cold winter months ahead. Now is the time to move plants into the greenhouse and sheltered areas ready to overwinter. Also covering vulnerable plants and winter vegetables with protective fleece are the main tasks to focus on in the November garden.
- Mow grass with a higher blade cut.
- Rake up fallen leaves.
- Clear away moss and toadstools brought on by the cool damp weather.
- While the temperature is still mild, apply a ferrous sulphate fertilizer to protect the winter lawn.
Beds and Borders
- Plant lily bulbs.
- Bulbs such as tulips, crocus and daffodil can be planted out now.
- Choose and plant out suitable winter plants.
- Cut back perennials.
- Prune roses.
- Tidy up and prune back climbing plants such as clematis.
- Protect tender plants with mulch.
- Insulate and raise containers off the ground to protect from frost.
- Harvest leeks, brussels sprouts, kale and cauliflower.
- You can continue to harvest potatoes, carrots, swede, celeriac, turnips and spinach.
- Sow broad beans.
- Plant out new fruit trees and bushes.
- Prune apple and pear trees.
- Cut back raspberries and blackberries
- Clean and tidy out greenhouses.
- Dig over cleared out vegetable patch.
- Apply an organic manure or compost to improve soil quality for next season.
- Build a leaf mould compost.
Weeds and Pests
Now is a good time to pull up perennial weeds such as dandelions.
Continue to check for powdery mildew, eelworm, white rust and grey mould. Remove and discard diseased and damaged foliage.
As the weather becomes colder and the plants and trees begin to go dormant for the winter, it is worth taking some time to create habitats to protect the wildlife in the garden. Growing roses, elder and hawthorn all provide a rich source of wild food for garden birds. Erecting a bird feeder in the garden will receive grateful daily visitors. For the smaller November garden visitors, creating a habitat made from logs and surrounded with wildflowers will provide a welcome shelter with natural food resources nearby.