What To Do Now
October is the month when the garden really begins to show off those warm autumn colours. There are plenty of tasks to do in the garden this month. The main job we think of is the seemingly endless task of raking up leaves from the lawn. However, there is still very much attention needing in the beds and borders and vegetable garden.
In many colder areas, this is the last month to provide good lawn care. Clearing fallen leaves, aerating and apply top dressing are important jobs this month to keep the lawn healthy through the cold winter months. Aerate the lawn with a garden fork to prevent waterlogging and rake thatch from the surface to scarity the lawn.
Beds and Borders
Plant up spring bedding plants into pots.
This is a good time to plant spring flowering bulbs.
Chrysanthemum and Aster will add new life to the autumn garden.
New herbaceous perennials can be planted now.
Cut back and divide faded perennials.
Lift out tender tubers to keep protected over winter.
This is a good month to plant new hedges, trees and shrubs.
Keep up maintenance on hanging baskets and prepare to create winter displays or plant bulbs for next spring.
October Vegetable Garden
Finish harvesting beans and peas.
Before the first frost, harvest pumpkins and squashes.
Protect cauliflower heads from the frost with cloche or fleece.
New cabbage, kale and brussels sprouts.
Plant out spring cabbages.
Harvest apples and pears.
Weeds and Pests
Continue to check for powdery mildew, eelworm, white rust and grey mould. Remove and discard diseased and damaged foliage.
Remember to take care of the wild life as winter draws near. Place netting over ponds to protect them from leaf fall. Put out nuts, seeds and berries for the birds to feast on. Leaving some rose hips on the plants will also add a great source of nutrition for the birds. Planting out chrysanthemum, aster and sedum will provide a rich source of nectar for beneficial insects.